Electrical contractor going to work in a high-vis UltraSoft shirt and Indigo denim.

Hazards and Safety Standards

Know the Workplace FR Hazards

Choosing the right FR fabric for your program depends on knowing the hazards your workers face — plus the industry consensus standards established for the exposure. Take three basic steps to help ensure you’re doing a proper evaluation of different FR fabric types.

step 1 Identify your potential hazard.

Hazards have vastly different characteristics—test results or field performance related to each hazard do not directly correlate. Therefore, do not substitute results from flash fire testing for electric arc flash testing when evaluating products. Be wary of fiber and/or fabric producers that attempt to draw comparisons between the hazards.

step 2 Identify industry consensus standards for the exposure.

Different industry standards have been developed for electric arc flash and flash fire testing. For electric arc flash, ASTM has developed F1959, which produces an arc rating. NFPA 2112 was created for employees that work in environments where a potential flash fire hazard exists.

step 3 Ensure testing is conducted at independent labs.

Taking this step will help ensure that unbiased and scientifically valid data is being produced. Companies with vested interest in the FR business may conduct helpful and interesting tests. Ultimately, though, there is no substitute for information generated at an independent laboratory.

Two electrical contractors walking to work in UltraSoft uniforms.


By identifying the likelihood and severity of all relevant hazards on the job, teams can better focus their safety approach and determine which protective fabric can be the life-saving difference.

arc flash
Arc Flash

The intense energy and short duration of an electric arc represents a unique exposure — one that requires flame-resistant garments...

flash fire
Flash Fire

A type of short-duration fire that spreads by means of a flame front rapidly through a diffuse fuel, such as...

combustible dust
Combustible Dust

The primary consensus standard (NFPA 652), the key NFPA standard governing PPE use in combustible dust environments, states employers “shall...

inadvertent chemical splash
Inadvertent Chemical Splash

Workers in labs face dangerous liquid chemicals and/or solvents at atmospheric pressures, such as corrosive liquids, toxic liquids and absorption...

molten metals & welding
Molten Metals & Welding

For more than 40 years, heavyweight flame-resistant cotton fabrics have been utilized by the steel industry as secondary protective clothing...

low visibility
Low Visibility

Construction, utility, police, emergency medical services, fire fighters and other workers are routinely exposed to the hazards of low visibility...

Utility worker in navy DH coveralls in.


Exceeding industry standards is essential to our global commitment to delivering superior flame-resistant and arc-rated (FR/AR) protective fabrics. Around the world, Westex goes above and beyond requirements for unplanned exposure to hazards. This overview is not intended to replace those standards but rather serve as brief descriptions. We encourage you to view the full standards on the respective organization’s website.

nfpa® 2112
NFPA® 2112

NFPA 2112 is meant to provide the specifications for the minimum design, performance, testing and certification requirements and test methods...

nfpa 70e®

NFPA 70E is meant to provide a practical, safe working area for employees relative to the hazards that arise from...

ansi 107
ANSI 107

ANSI 107 is used as a guide for the design, performance specifications and use of high-visibility and reflective apparel, like...

cgsb 155.20
CGSB 155.20

CGSB 155.20 a national standard of Canada states the minimum requirements and test methods for performance of protective workwear worn...

csa z96

CSA Z96 specifies performance requirements for color, retroreflection, and minimum areas as well as the configuration of materials of high-visibility...

en iso 11611:2015
EN ISO 11611:2015

ISO 11611:2015 specifies minimum basic safety requirements and test methods for protective clothing including hoods, aprons, sleeves, and gaiters that...

en 1149-5
EN 1149-5

This European standard specifies material and design requirements for electrostatic dissipative protective clothing, including hoods and caps, used as part...

iec 61482-2:2018
IEC 61482-2:2018

This part of IEC 61482 specifies test method procedures to test materials and garments intended for use in heat and...

iso 20471:2013
ISO 20471:2013

This international standard specifies requirements for high visibility clothing that’s visually capable of signaling a user’s presence. This clothing is...

en 13034
EN 13034

This British standard specifies the minimum performance requirements for limited use and re-useable limited chemical protective clothing against liquid chemicals...

gb 12014-2019
GB 12014-2019

This standard specifies the technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, etc., of electrostatic protective clothing used in places where...

gb 8965.1-2020
GB 8965.1-2020

This international standard specifies the classifications, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, packaging and storage of flame-resistant protective clothing used...

as/nzs 1906.4:2010
AS/NZS 1906.4:2010

This Australian/New Zealand standard specifies the photometric, colorimetric and physical property requirements for high-visibility materials for outdoor daytime use, or...

as/nzs 4824:2021
AS/NZS 4824:2021

This Australian/New Zealand standard is intended to provide manufacturers, purchasers and users with minimum performance requirements for wildland firefighters’ protective...


The purpose of this code is the practical safeguarding of persons, utility facilities, and affected property during the installation, operation...


CAN/ULC-s801-14 is meant to provide safety performance requirements for electric utilities, workers and employers who are involved on or near...

en iso 11612:2015
EN ISO 11612:2015

This international standard provides the minimum performance requirements for clothing to protect the wearers’ bodies (except for their hands) against...